ASI Museum Khajuraho

About Archaeological Museum

Welcome to the Archaeological Museum, Khajuraho

Welcome to the Archaeological Museum, Khajuraho; for all professional Archaeologist, Museologist, heritage and art Conservationist and all interested. On the site you can find details about our museum antiquities and our activities, the main aim is to interact with public and professionals, and high light the archaeological finding of the region and to save our precious antiquities.
Most of our museum antiquities move around world for exhibition and creates an awareness about the treasure from the past.


Our Objectives

To interact with professionals and public to promote mass movement with regard to public participation in museum activities.
To promote proper ethical and scientific approach for museum as well as archaeological work.
Promote proper management and new ideas for museum development and archaeological research.

A general introduction of the sculptural remains of Khajuraho Museum

The archaeological Museum, Khajuraho houses 3424 registered antiquities including sculptures of different sects, among which the Saiva, Vaisnava, Sakta cult and Jaina images are significant one. The secular objects like celestial nymphs; scenes depicting social life and the erotic and amorous couples also deserve attention of the general visitors.

The sculptures of Khajuraho museum are divisible into five broad categories that include cult images, family and minor deities, divine nymphs, secular sculptures and animal (vyala and sardula) sculptures. The sculptural art of Khajuraho represented by the sura-sundaris and female revels in admiring the charms of human body from the most fascinating angles and excels the contemporary schools of Indian art in the vivid portrayal of human moods and fancies through the medium of provocative gestures and flexions. A touch of classical flavour persists in the sculptures particularly of 10th century A.D. which combine subtlety of modelling with an amplitude of volume. In museum collection, there are many sculptures of divine nymphs (sura-sundaris) few of them are the finest and most numerous sculptures at Khajuraho. Attired in the choicest gems and garments, they are invariably represented as youthful females of ravishing charm and more frequently they are portrayed to express common human moods, emotions and activities and often difficult to distinguish them from conventional nayikas. Some secular sculptures including erotic themes are also the finest sculptural compositions of Khajuraho, vibrating with a rare sensitiveness and warmth of human emotion. The stone art treasure of Khajuraho museum are the specimens of Chandella art and generally maintains the quality of the sculptural art of central India.

History

Khajuraho or ancient Jejakbhukti was a capital town of the Chandellas, a powerful medieval dynasty, has the distinction of possessing one of the finest and the best preserved groups of temples, assignable to the period from 9th to 12th century A.D. Historic evidences show that the region was part of the Vatsa kingdom in janapada time and then came under Mauryan supremacy. However, prior to the Chandella the region has witnessed the rule of the Kushanas, Nagas, Vakatakas, Imperial Guptas and the Pratiharas.

As per tradition and the records, the origin of Chandella trace back to the lunar dynasty, in this connection the earliest inscription of the dynasty, the Khajuraho stone inscription of Dhanga in 954 AD, gives the name of the family as Candratreya. The religious capital Khajuraho, has witnessed a number of stone temples and stand as religious institution for long time as described by the foreign traveller in their travel account. The most important aspect of the temples at Khajuraho is the abundance of sculptures that decorate the exterior facade and also the inner shrines. Though, the sculptures are early Medieval, the art is based on the classical traditions.

After the British engineer, T.S. Burt, in 1838, who was credited for the rediscovery of Khajuraho, and the detailed first hand study confined in between 1852 to 1885 by the then Director General Alexander Cunningham. In continuation to that a number of pioneer research work done by reputed scholar and they associate the Khajuraho nomenclature with golden Khajur trees or scorpion (Khajur) on celestial nymph’s thigh as Khajura Vahaka .